Monday, 11 July 2016

The Difference between HTML, XHTML & HTML5 for Beginners

For those who are just entering the world of development, these commonly used words can be confusing. It is true they all sound the same but the fact is they are for difference reasons. They are a different technology with different capabilities. All these three languages are markup languages created for the web and web development best practices. Let have a comprehension of their difference in the world of development.



To clear your confusion, let me explain each in brief and then you can choose to develop your understanding for the use of each of them.

What are Markup Languages?

These markup languages are designed specifically to work for web development. Today, it is a foundation of the web and everything you see is the combination of markup text, CSS and front end scripts (interactivity) are based on mark up languages. It is what creates the final web presence. It sets the architecture of the website and gives it structure. These mark up languages structures data. Unlike other languages like Python or PHP or Ruby that guide the behavior of the data and the databases.
The diagram give below represents the trends for HTML and XHTML DOCTYPEs for websites:



- The HTML 5 DOCTYPE is now the most commonly used, being used by over 70% of pages.
- XHTML 1.0 has dropped from 60% of pages in 2008, to fewer than 15% of web pages in the recent times.
- HTML 4.01 has dropped from 20% of pages in 2008, to fewer than 3% pages.
- The total sample size is over 15 million pages with around 250,000 new pages scanned per month.

So what is a DOCTYPE?

The full form is Document Type Declaration, or DOCTYPE. It is piece of HTML code that tells which version of HTML is being used.
For Instance:
<!DOCTYPE html>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC “-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN”>
What is HTML?
Known as the Hyper Text Markup Language is abbreviated to HTML. The world knows the importance of HTML. We cannot really imagine the web without HTML technology. All the static websites are based on HTML markup language. It is in fact the first internet based developed for website development. It can be viewed on the browser via HTML where it is central to the web development processes and has evolved along with it. It is designed for a Static Structure.
An HTML tag commands the browser to make the changes in the front end like the text features bold, italic or size. As a developer, if you know HTML markup language, you can easily create headlines, arrange text, add hyperlinks and also edit. In case of dynamic website, JavaScript is generally used along with HTML to include interactivity, server side scripts. It leads to building a very effective Front End development.

Among the Popular Websites using HTML

-          Google
-          Youtube
-          Facebook
-          Baidu
-          Yahoo
-          Amazon
-          Wikipedia
-          Google India
-          Qq
-          Twitter

What is XHTML?

The full form of XTML - eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language.
It is very similar to HTML4 i.e. the fourth version of HTML technology. It has elements of XML that extends capabilities of HTML technology. XHTML is written in XML application which is also a descriptive markup language that functions more or less like HTML but handles data organization well.
XHTML was created before HTML5 in order to solve the cross- browser compatibility issues. But since the introduction of HTML5, these issues are resolved. Although XHTML was providing more precise standards and specification for a website to understand data and then break it down for transmission. It can be a little trouble in debugging. Since HTML4 is in use, the use of XHTML is become obsolete. So you need to worry about this part of the technology. Much confusion should be clear now.

What is HTML5?

It is the latest and path breaking version of HTML technology. HTML5 is a indeed proving the best technology for developing UI and Front End Development. It has come with a bang bringing new features like HTML repertoire where it can do many things on its own. HTML5 is being well known as the hybrid of three types of coding technologies namely HTML, CSS and Javascript.

It is culmination of these three much needed technologies for UI development and HTML5 is offering this to improve the development process for web development experts. It is availing Front End Development Specialists with agile, mobile friendly and browser compatible website development features. Also, it has incorporated new APIs and features like drawing, video playback, drag and drop effects which were earlier possible only with integration of third party plugins. Today, HTML5 is used by 80.3% of all the websites who use HTML.


If you are thinking for Outsourcing Website Ontwikkeling or Outsource CSS 3 to a Outsource HTML5. You should read the other articles written by the author for tips and tricks related to this.

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